Tag Archives: oily skin

Oily Skin Profile

July 27, 2012

As promised, we are going to go through all the skin types and give each one a more in-depth look. The type that has received the most interest and questions is Oily Skin.

So let’s begin with that!

Characteristics of Oily Skin

Oily skin is visibly shiny and feels oily to the touch. The texture is slightly thicker with larger pores, especially along the nose. Initially, the skin may look and feel normal after washing but by mid-day becomes visibly shiny and oily. This happens because of overactive sebaceous glands that secrete sebum. These glands are all over the body, but most are concentrated on the face, chest, shoulders and upper back. The areas along the t-zone (the forehead, nose and chin) are especially apt to producing too much sebum.

Causes of Oily Skin

  • You inherited oily genes! Congratulations. Sometimes, it just so happens that the skin you came in has a tendency to produce too much oil. But honestly, people shouldn’t look at oily skin as a curse. When properly taken care of, oily skin can look very healthy, radiant and plump with moisture.
  • Fluctuating hormones. Hormones can be especially bonkers during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause. That’s why oily skin can be common for people in their teens and for women in their 20s and even past their 30s.
  • You’re a guy. Although men don’t suffer as much from hormonal fluctuations, they naturally tend to have larger pores and oilier skin than women. This is because the male hormone testosterone contributes to stimulating oil gland activity.
  • Heat and humidity. In hot and humid climates, some people have problems with the combination of oily skin and sweating.

Oily Skin and Acne

While oily skin is prone to acne, it does not necessarily mean that oily skin is the direct cause of acne.  Sebum naturally flows out of pores onto the skin and the excess is normally rinsed away during daily cleansing. The pores however can be clogged by an accumulation of dead skin cells. Then, oil can become trapped and lead to the infection otherwise known as acne.  Not everyone who has oily skin, however, suffers from acne. In fact, some people with dry skin can have acne. The key is to finding skin care techniques and habits that works specifically for YOUR skin.

Taking Care of Oily Skin


The most effective way to manage oily skin is regular cleansing. You must wash at least twice daily, in the mornings after waking up and at night before going to bed. You should also cleanse your face immediately after a workout and sweating heavily.

Use lukewarm water to wash your face since extreme temperatures can irritate the skin. Also, choose a cleanser that is oil-free and specifically suited for oily skin. Foaming cleansers are much better at leaving oily skin feeling fresh and clean rather than cream-based “milks,” which contain lipids that can leave the face feeling greasy.


People with oily skin might avoid moisturizers because they are put off by the thought of making their face even greasier. But moisture and hydration is needed to keep the skin’s water content in place. Hydration means water, and all skin types benefit from the added hydration since the skin’s internal water content tends to evaporate.

There are a variety of light, oil-free moisturizers out there that are suited for oily skin. A lot of people with oily skin swear by Cetaphil. I personally would prefer a moisturizer that’s based on more natural ingredients. But it’s up to you to look around and pick the product that works best for your skin. Also, try to look for those products labeled non-comodogenic that won’t clog your pores and includes a light SPF.

Sun Protection

As with all skin types, adequate sun protection against the damaging effects of the sun’s UV rays is absolutely essential. Look for an oil-free, broad-spectrum block with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 15 or higher. Sunscreen gels are less likely than creams and lotions to make your skin look oily. Wear sun protection every day!


Exfoliate your skin with a gentle exfoliating scrub.  For people with oily skin, try to incorporate exfoliation in your skin care routine two or three times a week. Gel scrubs are better as they are less likely to make skin look oily than creams and lotions.

Masks and Clays

Masks help to draw out oils and cleanse pores. Clay masks help to balance out oily skin but for some people, they may dry out the skin too much. If this happens, you can apply the mask just on the problem areas. Also, since masks tend to dry out the skin, it’s important to hydrate your skin after using a mask.


The oiliness of the skin may hide the lack of moisture and hydration. That’s why it’s really important to drink plenty of water throughout the day. Water helps to moisten and hydrate the entire body, inside and out.

Once the skin is properly hydrated, the oil glands will receive signals from the brain that excess oil is no longer needed, and will consequently slow down the oil production in the skin. This results in a normalization of skin oils and a reduction in acne breakouts.

Closing Thoughts

I would like to reiterate that oil production is a normal part of healthy skin. Sebum is the skin’s natural oil, and is there to keep our skin and hair soft and healthy. It’s important to treat our face gently and to not go overboard with aggressive cleansing, scrubbing, and use of harsh chemicals.

Remember, oil on the skin acts as a protective barrier as well as a natural anti-aging mechanism. So for those who have oily skin, take delight in the thought that over time, people with oily skin tend to have fewer wrinkles and look younger than people with other skin types.


What about you, do you have oily skin? If so, what are your tips and suggestions for managing excessive oil? Share them with us.

Related Articles: We All Have A Type. What’s Yours?


We All Have A Type. What’s Yours?

July 9, 2012

Everyone has a different type of skin, and each type has its own special needs. It’s important to know your skin type so that you may better cater to your skin’s specific needs.

In general, there are four types of skin : Dry, Oily, Combination of dry and oily, and Normal type skin. Your skin may fall under or in between these categories.

The following is a basic description of each skin type, as well as suggestions for how to care for each type:

Dry Skin is characterized by a lack of moisture on the skin’s surface. There is a lack of sebum production, which is the skin’s natural oil. The pores on the nose, forehead, and chin are slightly larger, and the oil is usually confined to those areas. The skin can feel tight after cleansing. It is generally thinner than normal skin and is susceptible to expanded capillaries and sensitivities, making the skin look red and blotchy. Dry skin tends to develop lines and wrinkles more easily than other skin types.

• Regular use of intensive moisturizers is vital.
• Avoid harsh chemicals that may damage or dry the skin even more.
• Some stimulation with a gentle cleansing scrub is recommended for dry skin as it can help to stimulate the skin’s secretion of oil and to get rid of dead skin cells.

Oily Skin is characterized by larger pores over a majority of the facial surface, sometimes to the extreme outer edges of the face. It is associated with over-secretion of sebum, and thus it tends to be more prone to acne and dermatitis. It is smoother in texture, thicker and more pliable than dry skin because it contains more sebum. The advantage to having oily skin is that it tends to remain youthful looking longer than dryer skin, and has more flexibility and fewer wrinkles.

• Excess washing with abrasive scrubs can result in overstimulated sebum production
• Oily skin should be cleansed two to three times a day, but overcleansing can bring more oil to the skin’s surface.
• Sun, alcohol, poor diet, stress, hormonal fluctuations, cold and damp climates can aggravate acne.
• Oily skin still requires moisture (not oil) to be properly balanced, protected, sealed and nourished.

The most common skin type, combination skin includes characteristics of both dry and oily skin. Certain areas of the face, for example the chin and forehead, can be especially dry or oily. Combination skin can occasionally be prone to pimples, blackheads, and enlarged pores.

• Different types of care is needed in relation to a particular facial area.
• Dry areas should be cared for with rich moisturizing creams.
• Oily areas will benefit from more cleansing and lighter moisturizers.
• Always use a gentle cleanser to prevent irritation and dryness. For oily and dry combination skin, a gel-based or mild foaming cleanser is ideal.

Normal skin is characterized by a small area of enlarged pores on the forehead, nose and chin areas. This skin type is generally well balanced with few eruptions. Coloration is usually even and well balanced, and normal skin typically looks fresh and moist, giving it a healthy glow. Even though this skin type appears to have no apparent problems, with neglect or mistreatment, problems can develop quickly.

• A cleansing cream for normal to dry skin can be used twice daily to help rid the skin’s surface of excess oil and impurities
• A gentle exfoliating product should be used once or twice a week, depending on whether the skin needs to shed dead skin cells and whether or not there are expanded capillaries on the face.
• A natural facial toner helps rid the skin of remaining particles, neutralizes the skin’s surface, and prepares it to receive moisture.
• Moisturizer should be used that is suited for normal skin, neither too rich nor too light.


You can use a simple Tissue Test to determine your skin type. For this, you will need to have completely washed and cleansed your face so that it is free of any traces of makeup and impurities. Gently pat your face dry with a towel and wait about 3o minutes to do the test. For the tissue, you can use any one ply paper tissue, although the commercial grade packaging tissue paper that you use for stuffing gift bags works the best.

Lightly press a separate piece of tissue onto each area of your face : chin, center of cheeks, outer cheeks, center of forehead, outer forehead and nose.

Examine each tissue and look for oily residue or flaky skin residue. The results can be interpreted by the following :

    • Oil on each tissue indicates an Oily Skin type.
    • Oil on some tissues (especially those from your forehead, nose, chin and center of cheeks) indicates a Combination Skin type.
    • Flaky skin residue on all tissues, without oily residue, or a tight feeling in the skin indicates a Dry Skin type.
    • No oil and no flaky residue on any parts of the tissue indicates a Normal Skin type.


Our skin type can also change throughout our lives. For example, I remember being young and having dry skin. Which changed to combination skin during my teenage years. Then last year, my skin became oily and broke out a lot. And now I have normal skin. Gosh! It seems I’ve gone through the entire spectrum of skin types…

Several factors can affect your skin type : age, climate, hormones, medication, and even stress. So if your skin type changes, you must accommodate for the changes and adjust your skin care program accordingly.

I didn’t include a separate category for Teenage Skin, Mature Skin, and Sensitive Skin because I consider them to fall under the four skin types listed above. These skin types however, require even more specific care and attention. But I will be saving that for another time. Follow along with me as I will continuously revisit this topic on skin type and examine each one in greater depth.

If you have any thoughts and questions feel free to post them here or email me: contact@ziba-bynature.com.

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